Truchtlaching

47.95951111111112.501518Koordinaten: 47° 57′ 34″ N, 12° 30′ 4″ O
Truchtlaching (Bairisch: Truchtling) ist ein Ortsteil der Gemeinde Seeon-Seebruck im oberbayerischen Landkreis Traunstein.

Das Pfarrdorf Truchtlaching liegt im Alztal im Norden des Landkreises Traunstein auf einer Höhe von 518 m ü. NN und hat etwa 1150 Einwohner. Im Norden, zwischen Alz und Rabenden, grenzt die Hochebene Erschlecht an, mit großen Bauernhöfen und weiten landwirtschaftlichen Nutzflächen.
Große Hügelgräber zeugen von der frühen Besiedlung des Gebietes um Truchtlaching durch keltische Siedler um das Jahr 500 v. Chr. Später beeinflussten die Römer von Bedaium (Seebruck) aus das Gebiet.
Der Ort gelangte im Mittelalter in den Besitz der bayerischen Herzöge.
Im späten Mittelalter wurde der Ort als Lehen an die Ritter von Truchtlaching übergeben. Diese fungierten als Beamte des Erzbischofs von Salzburg und des Pfalzgrafen von Crainburg. Im Jahre 1347 überließ Kaiser Ludwig IV. den Truchtlachinger Rittern die Zollerhebung an der Alzbrücke.
Besonders häufig wird das Geschlecht von Truchtlaching im Zusammenhang mit dem Kloster Frauenwörth im Chiemsee genannt: So gab am 25. Mai 1313 ein Albrecht von Truchtlaching seiner jungfräulichen Schwester Dietmut eine Aussteuer für den Klostereintritt. Euphemia von Truchtlaching stand dem Kloster um das Jahr 1300 als Äbtissin vor, Sophia II. von 1356 bis 1386.
Martha, ihre Verwandte, war von 1361 bis 1396 Conventualin und wird in einigen Quellen als Äbtissin genannt, was aber als problematisch anzusehen ist, da sich ihre Amtszeit mit Sophia von Truchtlaching überschneiden würde. In den Jahren 1351 und 1356 wird ein Heinrich der Ältere von Truchtlaching als Zeuge im Streit um die Fischereirechte unter der Äbtissin Katharina Hamperstorferin von Chiemsee aufgerufen. Im Jahr 1401 werden die Herren von Truchtlaching ebenfalls urkundlich erwähnt. Am 26. Januar 1471 verkauften die Brüder Hanns und Wilhelm von Truchtlaching das Kaltenekerhäusel jenseits der Brücke von Seebruck und einige Lehen auf der Künzensau. Außerdem war ein Philipp Dekan des Chorherrenstiftes Baumburg.
Am 1. Januar 1980 wurde die neue Gemeinde Seeon-Seebruck durch den Zusammenschluss der ehemals selbständigen Gemeinden Seebruck, Seeon und Truchtlaching gebildet.
Am 1. Mai 1926 wurden Gebietsteile der aufgelösten Gemeinde Pattenham eingegliedert.

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Atmospheric temperature

Atmospheric temperature is a measure of temperature at different levels of the Earth’s atmosphere. It is governed by many factors, including incoming solar radiation, humidity and altitude. When discussing surface temperature, the annual atmospheric temperature range at any geographical location depends largely upon the type of biome, as measured by the Köppen climate classification.

In the Earth’s atmosphere, temperature varies greatly at different heights relative to the Earth’s surface. The coldest temperatures lie near the mesopause, an area approximately 85 km (53 mi) to 100 km (62 mi) above the surface. In contrast, some of the warmest temperatures can be found in the thermosphere, which receives strong ionizing radiation at the level of the Van Allen radiation belt.
Temperature varies as one moves vertically upwards from the Earth’s Surface.
The concept of a global temperature is commonly used in climatology, and denotes the average temperature of the Earth based on surface, near-surface or tropospheric measurements. These temperature records and measurements are typically acquired using the satellite or ground instrumental temperature measurements, then usually compiled using a database or computer model. Long-term global temperatures in paleoclimate are discerned using proxy data.

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Higher-order thinking

Higher-order thinking, known as higher order thinking skills (HOTS), is a concept of education reform based on learning taxonomies (such as Bloom’s Taxonomy). The idea is that some types of learning require more cognitive processing than others, but also have more generalized benefits. In Bloom’s taxonomy, for example, skills involving analysis, evaluation and synthesis (creation of new knowledge) are thought to be of a higher order, requiring different learning and teaching methods than the learning of facts and concepts. Higher order thinking involves the learning of complex judgemental skills such as critical thinking and problem solving. Higher order thinking is more difficult to learn or teach but also more valuable because such skills are more likely to be usable in novel situations (i.e., situations other than those in which the skill was learned).

It is a notion that students must master the lower level skills before they can engage in higher order thinking. However, the National Research Council objected to this line of reasoning, saying that cognitive research challenges that assumption, and that higher order thinking is important even in elementary school.
Including higher order thinking skills in learning outcomes is a very common feature of standards based education reform.
Advocates of traditional education object to elevating HOTS above direct instruction of basic skills. Many forms of education reform, such as inquiry-based science, reform mathematics and whole language emphasize HOTS to solve problems and learn, sometimes deliberately omitting direct instruction of traditional methods, facts, or knowledge. HOTS assumes standards based assessments that use open-response items instead of multiple choice questions, and hence require higher order analysis and writing. Critics of standards based assessments point out that this style of testing is even more difficult for students who are behind academically. Indeed, while minorities may lag by 10 to 25 points on standardized percentile rankings, the failure rates of minorities are two to four times the best scoring groups on tests like the WASL. It is debated whether it is correct to raise the importance of teaching process over content.[citation needed]
The Texas Republican Party expressed their opposition to the teaching of certain HOTS by including the following item in their 2012 Party Platform:
”Knowledge-Based Education – We oppose the teaching of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) (values clarification), critical thinking skills and similar programs that are simply a relabeling of Outcome-Based Education (OBE) (mastery learning) which focus on behavior modification and have the purpose of challenging the student’s fixed beliefs and undermining parental authority.”
However, the final wording of this item was evidently a ‘mistake’ according to Republican Party of Texas Communications Director Chris Elam who said, in an interview with talkingpointsmemo.com, that the plank should not have included the phrase ‘critical thinking skills’ and it was not the intent of the subcommittee to indicate that the RPT was opposed to critical thinking skills”. When asked to clarify the meaning of the item he said, ”I think the intent is that the Republican Party is opposed to the values clarification method that serves the purpose of challenging students beliefs and undermine [sic] parental authority”.
Similarly, textbooks such as Dale Seymour’s Investigations omit many standard arithmetic methods, instead relying on students to construct their own ways to compute averages, and perform multiplication and division. Teachers are directed to discourage students who may have been taught how to regroup or take a sum and divide by the number of items to compute an average.

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Ron Kovic

Ronald Lawrence ”Ron” Kovic (born July 4, 1946) is an American anti-war activist, writer and a former United States Marine Corps sergeant, who was wounded and paralyzed in the Vietnam War. He is best known as the author of the memoir Born on the Fourth of July in 1976, which was made into an Academy Award–winning film in 1989 directed by Oliver Stone, with Tom Cruise playing Kovic.
Kovic received the Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay on January 20, 1990, 22 years to the day after he was wounded in Vietnam, and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Screenplay. Bruce Springsteen wrote the song ”Shut Out the Light” after reading Kovic’s memoir and then meeting him. Tom Paxton, the folk singer/political activist, wrote the song ”Born on the Fourth of July”, which is on his 1977 New Songs from the Briarpatch album, and met Kovic backstage at the Bottom Line Club in New York City the same year. Academy Award winning actress Jane Fonda has stated that Ron Kovic’s story was the inspiration for the 1978 Vietnam War film Coming Home that she starred in.

Kovic was born in Ladysmith, Wisconsin, the second eldest of the six children of Patricia (Lamb) and Eli Kovic. He was raised in Massapequa, New York, in a Roman Catholic household. His father of Croatian descent served honorably in the United States Navy during World War Two. After the war Eli Kovic and his family moved to Levitown, New York where he worked as a grocery clerk in an A&P food store., His mother also served in the United States Navy during the Second World War having enlisted not long after Pearl Harbor, December 7th, 1941. It is where she met his father. She was of Irish ancestry, and a housewife. In high school, Ron Kovic was a wrestler and pole vaulter, and hoped to be a major league baseball player after graduation.
Inspired by President John F. Kennedy’s ”Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country” Inaugural Address in January 1961 and after Kennedy’s death in November 1963, Kovic joined the United States Marine Corps after high school in September 1964. He was sent to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island, South Carolina, for twelve weeks of intensive recruit training. After recruit training, he was promoted to the rank of Private First Class and became the push-up champion of his battalion. Kovic was then sent to the Infantry Training Regiment (ITR) at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, for advanced combat training. He returned home to Massapequa just before Christmas in December. After several weeks’ leave, Kovic was assigned to the Marine Corps Barracks at Norfolk, Virginia, where he attended radio school and learned communication skills, including the International Morse Code. He was next assigned to the Second Field Artillery Battalion, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.
Kovic volunteered for Vietnam and was deployed to South Vietnam in December 1965 as a member of H&S Company, 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division. In June 1966, he was transferred to Bravo Company, Second Platoon, 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division where he participated in 22 Long Range Reconnaissance Patrols in enemy territory. After a 13-month tour of duty, he returned home on January 15, 1967. He was next assigned to the 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing at Cherry Point, North Carolina. Several months later, he volunteered to return to Vietnam for a second tour of duty.
He was assigned to H&S Company, 1st Amtrac Battalion (1st Amphibian Tractor Battalion), 3rd Marine Division in South Vietnam. In October 1967, Kovic supposedly shot and killed another Marine by accident in a friendly fire incident during a North Vietnamese Army (NVA) ambush near a village along the Cua Viet River.
On January 20, 1968, while leading a reconnaissance force of battalion scouts from the 1st Amtrac Battalion just north of the Cua Viet River in the vicinity of the village of My Loc, in the Demilitarized Zone, Kovic’s squad came into contact with the 803rd NVA Regiment and elements of a Viet Cong battalion that was besieging the village, and he was shot by North Vietnamese soldiers while attempting to aid the South Vietnamese Popular Force unit in the village while leading his rifle squad across an open area. He was shot first in the right foot, which tore out the back of his heel, then again through the right shoulder, suffering a collapsed lung and a spinal cord injury that left him paralyzed from the chest down. The first Marine that tried to save him was shot through the heart and killed, then a second Marine carried Kovic to safety through heavy enemy fire (Kovic learned years later that this second Marine was killed later that afternoon but that is disputed). Kovic then spent a week in an intensive care ward in Da Nang. As a result of his service and injuries in the conflict, Kovic was awarded the Bronze Star Medal with Combat ”V” for heroism in battle and the Purple Heart Medal.
Before the war in Vietnam was declared ended on April 30, 1975, Kovic became one of the best-known peace activists among the Vietnam veterans and was arrested 12-times for political protesting. He attended his first peace demonstration soon after the Kent State shootings in May 1970, and gave his first speech against the war at Levittown Memorial High School in Levittown, Long Island, New York that same spring. Kovic’s speech that day was interrupted by a bomb threat and the auditorium cleared.
Undeterred, Kovic continued speaking to students from the school’s football grandstands. His first arrest was during an anti-Vietnam War demonstration at an Orange County, California draft board in the spring of 1971 when he refused to leave the office of the draft board explaining to a representative that, by sending young men to Vietnam, they were inadvertently, ”condemning them to their death,” or to be wounded and maimed like himself in a war that he had come to believe was, ”immoral and made no sense.” He was told that, if he did not leave the draft board immediately, he would be arrested. Kovic refused to leave, and was taken away by police.
In a new introduction to his book, Born on the Fourth of July (1976), written in March 2005, Kovic stated, ”I wanted people to understand. I wanted to share with them as nakedly and openly and intimately as possible what I had gone through, what I had endured. I wanted them to know what it really meant to be in a war, to be shot and wounded, to be fighting for my life on the intensive care ward, not the myth we had grown up believing. I wanted people to know about the hospitals and the enema room, about why I had become opposed to the war, why I had grown more and more committed to peace and nonviolence. I had been beaten by the police and arrested twelve times for protesting the war and I had spent many nights in jail in my wheelchair. I had been called a Communist and a traitor, simply for trying to tell the truth about what had happened in that war, but I refused to be intimidated.” In 1989, Kovic presented actor Tom Cruise (born July 3, 1962) who portrayed him in the movie Born On The Fourth of July, on the last day of filming, the original Bronze Star Medal he had received, explaining to Cruise that he was giving him the medal as a gift ”for his heroic performance.” Time magazine reported that Oliver Stone said, ”He gave it to Tom for bravery for having gone through this experience in hell as much as any person can without actually having been there.”
In 1974, Kovic led a group of disabled Vietnam War veterans in wheelchairs on a 17-day hunger strike inside the Los Angeles office of Senator Alan Cranston. The veterans protested the ”poor treatment in America’s Veterans Hospitals” and demanded better treatment for returning veterans, a full investigation of all Veterans Affairs (V.A.) facilities, and a face-to-face meeting with head of the V.A. Donald E. Johnson. The strike continued to escalate until Johnson finally agreed to fly out from Washington, D.C., and meet with the veterans. The hunger strike ended soon after that. Several months later Johnson resigned. In late August 1974 Kovic traveled to Belfast, Northern Ireland, where he spent a week in the Catholic stronghold of ”Turf Lodge,” interviewing both political activists and residents.
Kovic was a speaker at the 1976 Democratic National Convention, seconding the nomination of draft resister Fritz Efaw for Vice President of the United States. Time magazine described the scene as one of the few poignant moments of the convention and many in the audience were brought to tears. On July 12, 1977, Kovic was arrested with 191 students and supporters during the Gym protests at Kent State University. In 1988, Kovic was a Jesse Jackson delegate to the Democratic National Convention in Atlanta, Georgia.
From 1990 to 1991, Kovic took part in several anti-war demonstrations against the first Gulf War, which occurred not long after the release of his biographical film in 1989. In early May 1999, following the U.S. bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, Kovic met with China’s ambassador to the United States Li Zhaoxing at the Chinese embassy in Washington D.C. to express his most sincere condolences and present the ambassador and his staff with two dozen red roses. He was an outspoken critic of the Iraq War.
In November 2003, he joined protests in London against the visit of George W. Bush. He was the guest of honor at a reception held for British peacemakers at London’s city hall by Mayor Ken Livingstone. The following day, he led a march of several hundred thousand demonstrators on Trafalgar Square, where a huge rally was held protesting the visit of George W. Bush and the war in Iraq. Kovic attended the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado. On Sunday, August 24, 2008, the day before the convention began, Kovic spoke, then led thousands in a march against the war which ended with him saying, ”In the city of Denver, we got welcomed home.”
In March 2007, Kovic checked into the Ernest Bors Spinal Cord Injury ward of the Veterans Administration Hospital in Long Beach, California, for an undisclosed illness.
On January 20, 2008, Kovic observed his 40th anniversary of having been shot and paralyzed in the Vietnam War. Kovic, in March 2005, said: ”The scar will always be there, a living reminder of that war, but it has also become something beautiful now, something of faith and hope and love. I have been given the opportunity to move through that dark night of the soul to a new shore, to gain an understanding, a knowledge, and entirely different vision. I now believe I have suffered for a reason and in many ways I have found that reason in my commitment to peace and nonviolence. My life has been a blessing in disguise, even with the pain and great difficulty that my physical disability continues to bring. It is a blessing to speak on behalf of peace, to be able to reach such a great number of people.”
On April 8, 2009, Kovic joined British MP George Galloway to launch Viva Palestina USA, an American branch of Viva Palestina. Kovic planned to co-lead with Mr. Galloway a humanitarian relief convoy to the Gaza Strip in early July 2009. On December 6, 2009 Kovic spoke honoring Bruce Springsteen at the 32nd annual Kennedy Center Honors in Washington, D.C. On December 22, 2009, Kovic, Oliver Stone, and friends celebrated the 20th anniversary of the 1989 film release of Born on the Fourth of July at a dinner party in Torrance, California. In April 2010, Kovic traveled to Rome, Italy, as a member of the Council for Dignity, Forgiveness, and Reconciliation. Between April 19–26, he attended meetings at Rome’s City Hall with other international peace activists, diplomats and academics, to discuss the need for conflict resolution and other more peaceful, nonviolent alternatives to war as a way of solving the world’s many conflicts. On April 21, 2010, he spoke of his journey from war to peace, forgiveness, and reconciliation before Rome’s mayor Gianni Alemanno, and other civic leaders at Rome’s Ara Pacis (Altar of Augustan Peace), commissioned by the Roman Senate July 4- 13 BC.
Kovic lives in Redondo Beach, California, where he writes, paints, plays the piano, and gardens. He has never married although he did have a relationship with Connie Panzarino (author of The Me in the Mirror). He is now in the process of writing the long-awaited sequel to his book, Born on The Fourth of July.
Kovic is the uncle of Adam Kovic, founder of media company, Funhaus.
Interviewed:

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Sommergarten (Sankt Petersburg)

Der Sommergarten (russisch Летний сад) ist ein Parkensemble, ein landschaftsgärtnerisches Denkmal des ersten Drittels des 18. Jahrhunderts im Zentrum von Sankt Petersburg. Er wurde auf Anweisung des Zaren Peter I. in den Jahren 1704 bis 1719 angelegt.
Der Garten wurde von Le Blond, Semzow und Matwejew angelegt. In ihm befindet sich das von 1710 bis 1714 errichtete Sommer-Palais Peters des Großen.
Für den Sommergarten wurde ein Teil der Usadiza-Insel abgetrennt. Der barocke Sommergarten mit seinen beschnittenen Bäumen wurde mit Skulpturen geschmückt, die Peter der Große aus Italien kommen ließ. Eine englische Dampfmaschine förderte 1718 Wasser für die Fontänen aus der später dann deswegen so benannten Fontanka, später wurden die Springbrunnen aus dem 21 km langen Ligowskij-Kanal gespeist, der angeblich heilkräftiges Wasser in die Stadt brachte. Peter nutzte den Garten zur Erziehung seiner Zeitgenossen. Etwa 200 Plastiken vermittelten mit beigefügten Erklärungen westeuropäische Kultur und ihre antiken Grundlagen. Erstmals waren Skulpturen in ihrer Nacktheit öffentlich zu sehen. Der russische Adel hatte sich auf den hier veranstalteten Festen, Bällen und Empfängen an europäische Sitten, wie die Geselligkeit mit Ehefrauen oder Paartänze zu gewöhnen. Feuerwerke, mit Mineralien ausgelegte Grotten, eine Orangerie, Volieren und Menagerien entfalteten einen Kosmos des Wissens über die Natur und menschliche Kunstfertigkeiten. Die nahegelegene Kunstkammer gehörte in gleicher Weise zum aufklärerischen Konzept Peters des Großen.
Die Bürger der Stadt durften den Park nur auf Einladung des Herrschers betreten. Die russische Zarin Elisabeth erlaubte der Bevölkerung den Zutritt zu Zeiten der Abwesenheit der Herrscherin. Jeder ordentlich angezogene Mensch hatte danach das Recht, auf den Alleen spazieren zu gehen. Am 25. Mai 1752 wurde der Sommergarten an Sonn- und Feiertagen für den Publikumsverkehr geöffnet. Am 10. Mai 1755 entschied Elisabeth, den Park auch an Donnerstagen für die Allgemeinheit zu öffnen. Ab 24. Mai 1756 war der Zutritt dem gewöhnlichen Volk wieder nur bei Abwesenheit der Zarin gestattet.
1771 bis 1784 wurde auf der Newaseite das berühmte Gitter angebracht, das heute eines der Symbole Sankt Petersburgs ist. Entwurfsverfasser waren die Architekten Georg Friedrich Veldten, Iwan Fok und Pjotr Jegorow.
Infolge des Hochwassers 1777 wurden die Springbrunnen und der Pavillon ”Grotte” sehr stark beschädigt. Die Springbrunnen wurden nicht wiederhergestellt, 1826 wurde die alte Grotte vom Architekt Carlo Rossi zum ”Kaffeehäuschen” umgebaut.
Heute stellt sich der ursprünglich bis zum Newskij-Prospekt ausgedehnte Garten verkleinert und im Sinne eines Englischen Landschaftsgartens umgestalteter Park dar.
59.94472222222230.335555555556Koordinaten: 59° 56′ 41″ N, 30° 20′ 8″ O

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Gouvernement Yukio Hatoyama

Le Gouvernement Yukio Hatoyama (鳩山 由紀夫 内閣, Hatoyama Yukio Naikaku?) est le 93e cabinet (第93代 内閣, dai-kyū-jū-san-dai Naikaku?) de l’Empire du Japon, nommé le 16 septembre 2009 par le nouveau Premier ministre Yukio Hatoyama et officiellement investi par l’empereur le jour même. Il s’agit de la première administration formée par le Parti démocrate du Japon, longtemps parti d’opposition, depuis sa création en 1998, à la suite de sa victoire aux élections législatives du 30 août 2009.
Il est rapidement devenu impopulaire à la suite d’un scandale financier touchant certains des collaborateurs du Premier ministre et l’abandon de certaines promesses de campagne. Après un recul sur le déménagement de la base américaine de Futenma le 28 mai 2010, qui provoque le limogeage de Mizuho Fukushima et le retrait du PSD de la coalition, le Premier ministre annonce sa démission le 2 juin 2010, après huit mois passés au pouvoir et cinq semaines avant les élections à la Chambre des conseillers de juillet 2010. La démission de l’ensemble du gouvernement est présentée le 4 juin et prend effet le 8 juin.

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Wyspy Cooka na Letnich Igrzyskach Olimpijskich 2000

Reprezentacja Wysp Cooka na Letnich Igrzyskach Olimpijskich 2000 w Sydney liczyła dwoje zawodników – jednego mężczyznę i jedną kobietę. Wystartowali oni w dwóch dyscyplinach: lekkoatletyce oraz w żeglarstwie.

Algieria • Angola • Benin • Botswana • Burkina Faso • Burundi • Czad • Demokratyczna Republika Konga • Dżibuti • Egipt • Erytrea • Etiopia • Gabon • Gambia • Ghana • Gwinea • Gwinea Bissau • Gwinea Równikowa • Kamerun • Kenia • Komory • Kongo • Lesotho • Liberia • Libia • Madagaskar • Malawi • Mali • Maroko • Mauretania • Mauritius • Mozambik • Namibia • Niger • Nigeria • Republika Południowej Afryki • Republika Środkowoafrykańska • Republika Zielonego Przylądka • Rwanda • Senegal • Seszele • Sierra Leone • Somalia • Suazi • Sudan • Tanzania • Togo • Tunezja • Uganda • Wybrzeże Kości Słoniowej • Wyspy Świętego Tomasza i Książęca • Zambia • Zimbabwe
Antigua i Barbuda • Antyle Holenderskie • Argentyna • Aruba • Bahamy • Barbados • Belize • Bermudy • Boliwia • Brazylia • Brytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze • Chile • Dominika • Dominikana • Ekwador • Grenada • Gwatemala • Gujana • Haiti • Honduras • Jamajka • Kajmany • Kanada • Kolumbia • Kostaryka • Kuba • Meksyk • Nikaragua • Panama • Paragwaj • Peru • Portoryko • Saint Kitts i Nevis • Saint Lucia • Saint Vincent i Grenadyny • Salwador • Surinam • Stany Zjednoczone • Trynidad i Tobago • Urugwaj • Wenezuela • Wyspy Dziewicze Stanów Zjednoczonych
Arabia Saudyjska • Armenia • Azerbejdżan • Bahrajn • Bangladesz • Bhutan • Mjanma • Brunei • Chińska Republika Ludowa • Chińskie Tajpej • Filipiny • Gruzja • Hongkong • Indie • Indonezja • Irak • Iran • Izrael • Japonia • Jemen • Jordania • Kambodża • Katar • Kazachstan • Kirgistan • Korea Południowa • Korea Północna • Kuwejt • Laos • Liban • Malediwy • Malezja • Mongolia • Nepal • Oman • Pakistan • Palestyna • Singapur • Sri Lanka • Syria • Tadżykistan • Tajlandia • Turcja • Turkmenistan • Uzbekistan • Wietnam • Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie • Niezależni Sportowcy Olimpijscy
Albania • Andora • Austria • Belgia • Białoruś • Bośnia i Hercegowina • Bułgaria • Chorwacja • Cypr • Czechy • Dania • Estonia • Finlandia • Francja • Grecja • Hiszpania • Holandia • Irlandia • Islandia • Jugosławia • Liechtenstein • Litwa • Luksemburg • Łotwa • Macedonia • Malta • Mołdawia • Monako • Niemcy • Norwegia • Polska • Portugalia • Rosja • Rumunia • San Marino • Słowacja • Słowenia • Szwajcaria • Szwecja • Ukraina • Węgry • Wielka Brytania • Włochy
Australia • Fidżi • Guam • Mikronezja • Nauru • Nowa Zelandia • Palau • Papua-Nowa Gwinea • Samoa • Samoa Amerykańskie • Tonga • Vanuatu • Wyspy Cooka • Wyspy Salomona
Seul 1988 • Barcelona 1992 • Atlanta 1996 • Sydney 2000 • Ateny 2004 • Pekin 2008 • Londyn 2012

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2008 National League Championship Series

The 2008 National League Championship Series (NLCS), the second round of the 2008 National League playoffs, was a best-of-seven baseball game series. The series matched the NL West Champion Los Angeles Dodgers against the NL East Champion Philadelphia Phillies, who had home field advantage for this series due to their better regular-season record. The teams split their season series, with the home team sweeping their two four-game series in August.
The Phillies won the series, four games to one.
The series opened on Thursday, October 9, 2008 at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia, with the series being telecast on Fox.
This series marked the first postseason meeting for the Phillies and Dodgers since the 1983 NLCS, which Philadelphia won 3–1 en route to a loss to Baltimore in the World Series. It also marked the first NLCS for both teams since the Division Series was instituted in 1995. Overall, this was the fourth time these two teams had met in the postseason. Prior to the 1983 NLCS, the Dodgers had defeated the Phillies 3–1 in the NLCS during both the 1977 and 1978 post-seasons.

Philadelphia won the series, 4–1.
Thursday, October 9, 2008 at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Derek Lowe and Cole Hamels faced each other at Citizens Bank Park for Game 1. In the first inning, Manny Ramírez missed a home run by mere feet to center field and settled for an RBI double to give LA a 1–0 lead, and later in the fourth, Matt Kemp scored on a sacrifice fly by Blake DeWitt. However, in the sixth inning, as Lowe was rolling, a throwing error by Dodgers shortstop Rafael Furcal put Shane Victorino on second base, apparently breaking the momentum for Lowe, who on the next pitch surrendered a home run to Chase Utley that tied the score. After a Ryan Howard groundout, Pat Burrell homered to left and put the Phillies out front 3–2, and that would prove to be the final score. Brad Lidge tossed a perfect ninth for the save.
Friday, October 10, 2008 at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Philadelphia starting pitcher Brett Myers surprisingly batted 3-for-3 with three RBIs as the Phillies opened up an 8–2 lead on the Dodgers, chasing Dodgers starter Chad Billingsley in the third inning. Billingsley was also criticized for not retaliating for inside pitching by Myers, a response that would have to wait until Game 3 by Dodgers starter Hiroki Kuroda. The Phillies batted through their whole lineup in both the second and third innings, scoring four runs in each. Manny Ramírez made things closer with a three-run home run off Myers in the fourth, but in the seventh Casey Blake was robbed of a potential bases clearing hit in deep left center by a leaping Shane Victorino. Four Phillies relievers pitched scoreless baseball in four innings of work with Brad Lidge remaining perfect in save opportunities in the regular season and postseason. Before the game Charlie Manuel learned that his mother died, and Shane Victorino learned that his grandmother died the same day after the game.
Sunday, October 12, 2008 at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles, California
The first game at Dodger Stadium in the series, Game 3 saw a dramatic benches-clearing incident in the third inning, after Dodgers starter Hiroki Kuroda threw a fastball over the head of the Phillies’ Shane Victorino. This came in apparent retaliation for Phillies starter Jamie Moyer hitting Dodgers catcher Russell Martin in the knee in the first inning and reliever Clay Condrey nearly hitting Martin again in the second, which came after Brett Myers nearly hit Martin and threw behind Manny Ramírez in Game 2. In a wild first inning, five Dodgers scored, mostly in part due to a three-run triple by Blake DeWitt, and Rafael Furcal homered in the second, his first home run since May 5, forcing Moyer to leave the game after just 1 1⁄3 innings. In the third inning confrontation, only words were exchanged and nobody was ejected, and Kuroda pitched a solid six innings to lead LA to a 7–2 victory over the Phillies, cutting their lead to 2–1. The attendance was 56,800, an all-time Dodger Stadium record.
Monday, October 13, 2008 at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles, California
Game 4 was an exciting see-saw battle between the two teams. The Phillies struck first; in the top of the first they collected three hits and two runs off Derek Lowe, who started on three days’ rest. In the bottom of the inning, James Loney hit a ball off the center field wall to score Rafael Furcal and cut the lead to 2–1. Starter Joe Blanton began strong, but in the fifth inning gave up two runs and forced Charlie Manuel to go to his bullpen. In the sixth, the Dodgers’ bullpen faltered first, when Clayton Kershaw gave up a walk and a hit, and Chan Ho Park threw a wild pitch to tie the game. In the bottom of the sixth, Casey Blake homered to left, and with two on, a throwing error by Ryan Howard allowed Juan Pierre to score. The inning ended when Chase Utley made a diving catch and stumbled to second base for the double play. Things looked great for the Dodgers until Cory Wade relieved in the eighth and Shane Victorino hit a two-run home run that landed in the LA bullpen to tie the score. Jonathan Broxton came in after Carlos Ruiz singled off of Wade and promptly gave up another two-run homer to pinch-hitter Matt Stairs, the veteran’s first career postseason homer. Brad Lidge then came in and pitched his first save of 2008 that consisted of more than three outs, his 49th consecutive save. The Phillies victory in Los Angeles was the first win by a road team in the 2008 series.
Wednesday, October 15, 2008 at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles, California
Dodgers fans were psyched for a possible comeback in Game 5, but Jimmy Rollins spoiled the party early with a leadoff homer off Chad Billingsley, who in his second bad outing of the series was knocked out of the game in the third inning after giving up three runs. The Phillies added two more runs when Rafael Furcal committed three errors (two on the same play) in the fifth inning. Manny Ramírez, in another strong performance, did manage to bring the Dodger Stadium crowd to life with a solo home run in the sixth inning. However, the Dodgers never threatened after that, and the Phillies won the series in five games. Winning pitcher Cole Hamels was named the series MVP after winning both of his starts with a 1.93 ERA.
2008 NLCS (4–1): Philadelphia Phillies over Los Angeles Dodgers

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Moriah College

Moriah War Memorial College (or more commonly, Moriah College) is an Australian independent, Modern Orthodox Jewish, co-educational, day school that is located in Queens Park, an eastern suburb of Sydney, New South Wales. The college provides education from kindergarten to Year 12, and has affiliations with preschool providers sympathetic with Modern Orthodox Judaism.
The college is a member of the Jewish Communal Appeal, and the Junior School Heads Association of Australia (JSHAA).

Founded in 1942 by Abraham Rabinovitch, Moriah College started as a small school located in Glenayr Avenue, Bondi; still in use today as an affiliated kindergarten. Harold Nagley, the first principal of Moriah, traveled door to door in an attempt to gain pupils.[citation needed] In 1952 Rabinovitch purchased an 1.5 acres (0.61 ha) Bellevue Hill property from the estate of the late Mark Foy for A£30,500 for use by the college. Following renovations, the college opened at the Bellevue Hill site in 1953 with 57 students. Further renovations were completed in the mid-1960s and, by 1967 the King David School, formed by the New South Wales Jewish Board of Deputies in 1960, merged with Moriah College. The former site of the King David School in Rose Bay was used as an infants’ school and the Bellevue Hill site used as a high school. From 1975 the college experienced rapid expansion from 500 to 800 students and additional properties were acquired in Bellevue Hill to allow for planned expansion. Yet college officials had reservations that the site would not accommodate future growth. By the early 1980s the NSW Government decided to amalgamate two public schools in Dover Heights and sell the unused campus. Moriah College made an offer for this campus; however, the Premier Neville Wran rejected the offer following a public campaign organised by the NSW Teachers’ Federation. Wran offered the college a lease over land located in Queens Park on the site of the old Eastern Suburbs Hospital and construction of a new high school began. Amid cost overruns and delays, by late 1993 the college decided to also relocate the primary school to the site and sell all land held at Bellevue Hill. Over A$12 million was realised from the sale of the college’s Bellevue Hill properties.
The college is now entirely situated on the Queens Park campus; having purchased the land from the NSW Government in 2011for A$27 million, with the final installment of A$20.25 million payable in February 2014. Additional affiliated preschool campuses are located in Bondi, Bondi Junction, Randwick, and Rose Bay.
The school’s Symphonic Wind Ensemble won the NSW Junior band championships in May 2012 building on the work of a number of band tours.
Moriah Rugby team 2015 did very well. Both under 14s and 18s came third in the Peninsula Cup Tournament.
The Moriah College has a Moriah Foundation. To become a Moriah Foundation member you need to give $20,000 or more to the school over a mutually agreed timeframe. The levels move from $20,000 to one million dollars. Members receive certain recognitions including having their name included on the inaugural Moriah Foundation Recognition Wall, being invited to exclusive opportunities and events and being invited to all major College events. The Moriah Foundation Board includes Patron Frank Lawy AC and board members such as Brian Schwartz AM (Chairman), Judy Lowy (President), Stephen Jankelowitz (Honorary Treasurer) and Bruce Fink (Board Member).

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Aaron Sachs

Aaron Sachs (* 4. Juli 1923 in New York City; † 5. Juni 2014) war ein US-amerikanischer Jazz-Saxophonist (Tenor- und Altsaxophon), Flötist und Klarinettist, Bandleader und Komponist des Swing und des Modern Jazz.

Sachs begann sich zwölfjährig mit Musik zu beschäftigen und lernte als Autodidakt das Saxophonspiel. Zu Beginn seiner Musikerlaufbahn spielte er in Swingbands – protegiert von Benny Goodman – bei Babe Russin 1941, Red Norvo 1941/42, Van Alexander 1942/43, wieder bei Red Norvo 1943/44 und bei Benny Goodman 1945/46. Wegen Krankheit war er 1948/49 musikalisch inaktiv. Danach arbeitete Sachs, der sich inzwischen dem Bebop angenähert hatte, teils als freischaffender Musiker, teils bei Earl Hines 1952/53 mit Tito Rodríguez und Louie Bellson 1959.
1948 heiratete er die Sängerin Helen Merrill.
In den 1950er Jahren leitete er auch eine eigene Formation, mit der er Platten u.a. für Dawn aufnahm und tourte. In ihr spielten Jimmy Cleveland, Joe Roland, Dick Garcia und Osie Johnson. 1955 war er am legendären Konzert der Modern Jazz Society – A Concert of Contemporary Music beteiligt, das von John Lewis, Gunther Schuller und J. J. Johnson initiiert worden war.
In den 1960er Jahren beschäftigte Sachs sich mehr mit Latin Jazz und arbeitete mit Machito, Tito Puente und Tito Rodríguez. Aaron Sachs schrieb für ihn den Hit-Song „El Mundo De Las Locas“.
Aaron Sachs war im Laufe seiner Karriere außer den Genannten an Plattenaufnahmen mit Stan Getz, Sarah Vaughan, Chet Baker, Dizzy Gillespie, Eddie Heywood, Billie Holiday, Red Norvo, Gene Krupa, Anita O’Day, Cozy Cole, Charlie Shavers, Tom Talbert und Charlie Ventura beteiligt. Er gilt als einer der ersten Bebop-Klarinettisten.
Carlo Bohländer u.a.: Reclams Jazzführer. Stuttgart, Reclam, 1991

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